For more than a hundred years no one knew the origins of William and Susanna White. Thanks to the work of Caleb Johnson, Susan Allen, and Simon Neal. We now know that William was born in Wisbech and was the son of Edward and Thomasine (Cross)(May) White. He was the uncle of William Bradford's first wife Dorothy May. Susanna was the daughter of Richard and Mary (Pettinger) Jackson. Her father leased part of the Scrooby Manor and fled with Bradford to Amsterdam in 1608 to avoid arrest for Brownism. William and Susanna met in Amsterdam and married there. They were members of Henry Ainsworth's congregation and were the only members to join the Mayflower group from Leiden. For more information please see Caleb Johnson's MayflowerHistory.com . The full research will be found in the 2017 The American Genealogist in the second, third and fourth issues.
The Mayflower was a Dutch cargo fluyt which usually transported wine and dry goods. However, in September 1620, it set out to cross the North Atlantic with 102 passengers plus anywhere from 30 to 50 crew members. An account of the voyage describes the cramped conditions aboard ship.
stormy crossing which lasted more than two months, the Mayflower
reached the New World--but far north of its intended
destination, the Jamestown Colony in Virginia.
When winter winds prevented the ship from sailing south, the
Mayflower passengers decided to found their own colony and drew
up a governing agreement which became known as the Mayflower
Compact. Forty-one adult men signed the Compact on
November 11, 1620, William White among them.
The Pilgrims were able to build only one structure on shore before winter settled over the land. The passengers were thus forced to spend the next several months aboard the Mayflower. In late November 1620 (the actual date is not known but is thought to be November 20th), Susanna White gave birth to a son whom she and William named Peregrine.
Roughly half of the company succumbed to illness during that
first winter in New England. William White is known to
have died on February 21, 1621. He was most likely buried
in an unmarked grave on Cole's Hill in Plymouth, as were most of
the Mayflower passengers who died that winter. His name
appears on the Pilgrim
Memorial Sarcophagus that was erected in 1920-1921.
On 12 May 1621, Susanna White, left a widow with two small sons, married Edward Winslow, whose wife Elizabeth had likewise died. Edward Winslow eventually became a prominent member of the Plymouth Colony, being elected governor three times. He and Susanna had five more children together, although only two lived to adulthood. Susanna was known to have been living in 1654, when Winslow went back to England, but the exact date of her death is unknown. Her grave is in the Winslow Cemetery in Marshfield, Massachusetts.
© Copyright 2015, The Pilgrim William White Society. Last revised 31 October 2017.